Tiling - How to do it
From the very start I will say that tiling is quite a complex proces, that it require some skills that are being developed in years of practicing and facing all kind of situations and conditions.
So, what we do here is to give you a help regarding tiling, so you may know steps that have to be done, decisions that you will need to take etc. You will find here quality information, that it will be a real help. Of course, you may try to do it your self, but, like we said, is quite a difficult proces. Anyway, you can find more about tiling on our tiling services page. Let's start!
surface to be tile
First of all, the surface that will be tile has to be check. It has to be check for oil stains, gips plaster, degraded plaster, detached bricks etc. The fact is that the surface has to be strong and clean. If there is a weak spot in the wall or floor, tile may detached with time.
Second, it hat to be check the straightness and flatness of the surface. If they are holes bigger that 10 cm wide and 1, 2 cm depth it will be a help to cover up this holes with tile adhesive, or if they are real big with cement plaster. Bumps has to be removed also. If the wall or floor has more that 2 cm difference from a side to the other in straightness or flatness, this need to be fix. This is because if you start adding 1 cm adhesive, you may end adding 3 cm adhesive so the wall or floor to be straight and flat.
How to start tiling
When the tile is applied on the walls and on the floor, first, the tile will be applied on the walls and after on the floors. This will be done for the tile on the floor to be protected from dirt and other things result from the tiling on the walls.
In this point, one very important thing must to be mentioned. From this point, every thing you do/plan have to do with a good look, with symmetry. You will try to hide parts tiles will be cut, or put them in a place that is not so visible.
In line with what was said above, when you tiling walls you have to decide what the high will be. From there you will divide the number to the tile hight. Let's say that the tile on the wall will be 150 centimeters and the hight of a tile is 20 centimeters. In this case you will divide 150 to 20. Result will be 7,5 and that means that it will be 7 tile and an half. In this point, it have to be find out the place where the floor tile will be, and measured 10 cm and the gap from there. It has to be fix in wall a level at this high, anywhere where the tile will be. This id done because first row tile will rest on this level.
The row will be start with a whole tile from the corner most visible. This is because it is a big probability that the last one of the row will not fit as whole and it need to be cut. Is good for those which are cut to be behind the open door, or in a place that is not so visible.
For the good fix of the tiles on the wall/floor is professional to add adhesive on the back of the tile, and also on the wall/floor. This will help for the fix to be stronger.
After the first tile it was applied, it has to be check with a level tool to be vertically straight and to be horizontally parallel with the wall. This have to be check because if on side of the tile is out with 1 cm on horizontally, the end of the row can be out on horizontally 7 cm, depending on the wall length. This can be check by the eye with the level that tile sit on. So the first tile add on the wall is very important because it define how the other tiles will be apply.
After this first tile has been applied, it will be continued with the all row. And so on until the wall is done.
The gaps can have different measures, this will be define by the look it is search for. Grout in the gaps can create an contrast with the tile or can be harmonize with it, depending on what effect it wish for.
Tiling on the floor
For tiling on the floor it has to be aware for the starting point as the tiling on the walls, in the way that where is the parte most visible. It might also be that the floor may have one or many inclines, for the water to be guided to floor drainage. This inclines, as the flatness will be made by cement screed. The tile, generally will follow the cement screed inclines or flatness. We talk about this above.
Some problem you may find during the tiling
You may find that the wall you tiling in right on front when you enter in the room. In this case is hard to decide for a corner where the tiles will be cut. If, after the measurements you will find that the tile will be cut just a little, this may not be a problem. But, it the piece that will be cut will be significant, this will be seen. Like we said, all the time the symmetry, the nice look has to be search for. So, what we find as a possible solution is that the both end tiles, from the both heads to be cut equal.
If a tile or more tiles has been applied wrong, this, or those, can be take of in within a few hours, until the adhesive it hardens. After that, is more easy to break a tile or more if the cement screed has not been applied. If the cement screed has been applied and it hardens, it may me removed somehow without affecting the neighbor tiles. Depending on the tile quality, some one may crack by the tension of the adhesive harden. So it may be need for an visual inspection at the end of tiling.
Finishing the tiling
After all the tile has been fix and check, the tile spacer can be remove. Depending on weather and temperature for the adhesive to be harden it may take from day to day. If the tile spacer are take off to soon they may detach the tile also. After all the tile is on the place and all the tile spacer has been removed, the gaps have to been clean up from any adhesive residual. If this is not done correct, you may be able to see some adhesive rests in the cement screed, and being another color this will be not please for the eyes. After the gaps will be fill with cement screed it will be wait until the cement screed will be harden a little. If the cement screed will be fully harden it will be hard to be wash away from the tile.
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